Mexican Independence Day

 
  A parade participant dressed as Mexican historical figure Miguel Hidalgo  
 

Mexican Independence Day is celebrated every September 16th, to commemorate the nation's 1810 declaration of Independence from Spain.

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But the fiestas start on September 15 (or sooner), with the traditional Grita de Independencia (shout of independence), also known as the Grita de Dolores.

The gritas are to commemorate an event that occurred on September 16, 1810 in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato, when with the words "Viva Mexico," priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla admonished his congregation to begin an open rebellion against Spain, thus starting the Mexican War of Independence.

On the evening of the 15th residents in every city and pueblo gather in a central location, typically outside the palacio monumental or other building, and the mayor (also known as the presidente municipal, or alcalde) will wave a Mexican flag and lead the shouts of "Viva Mexico!"

The parties continue to the next day, when there are parades and other fiestas, which will then continue through the night.

Independence Day Fiestas in Sonora

     

Mexican Independence Day parade photos provided courtesy of Planet Nogales